Guidelines 06/2020 on the interplay of the Second Payment Services Directive and the GDPR
SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION
1 The second Payment Services Directive (hereinafter “PSD2”) has introduced a number of novelties in the payment services field. While it creates new opportunities for consumers and enhances transparency in such field, the application of the PSD2 raises certain questions and concerns in respect of the need that the data subjects remain in full control of their personal data. The General Data Protection Regulation (hereinafter “GDPR”) applies to the processing of personal data including processing activities carried out in the context of payment services as defined by the PSD. Thus, controllers acting in the field covered by the PSD2 must always ensure compliance with the requirements of the GDPR, including the principles of data protection set out in Article 5 of the GDPR, as well as the relevant provisions of the ePrivacy Directive. While the PSD2 and the Regulatory Technical Standards for strong customer authentication and common and secure open standards of communication (hereinafter “RTS”) contain certain provisions relating to data protection and security, uncertainty has arisen about the interpretation of these provisions as well as the interplay between the general data protection framework and the PSD2.
2 On July 5 2018, the EDPB issued a letter regarding the PSD2, in which the EDPB provided clarifications on questions concerning the protection of personal data in relation to the PSD2, in particular on the processing of personal data of non-contracting parties (so called ‘silent partydata’) by account information service providers (hereinafter “AISPs”) and payment initiation service providers (hereinafter “PISPs”), the procedures with regard to giving and withdrawing consent, the RTS and the cooperation between account servicing payment services providers (hereinafter “ASPSPs”) in relation to security measures. Whereas the preparatory work of these guidelines involved the collection of inputs from stakeholders, both in writing and at a stakeholderevent, in order to identify the most pressing challenges.
3 These guidelines aim to provide further guidance on data protection aspects in the context of the PSD2, in particular on the relationship between relevant provisions on the GDPR and the PSD2. The main focus of these guidelines is on the processing of personal data by AISPs and PISPs. As such, this document addresses conditions for granting access to payment account information by ASPSPs and for the processing of personal data by PISPs and AISPs, including the requirements and safeguards in relation to the processing of personal data by PISPs and AISPs for purposes other than the initial purposes for which the data have been collected, especially when they have been collected in the context of the provision of an account information service. This document also addresses different notions of explicit consent under the PSD2 and the GDPR, the processing of ‘silent party data’, the processing of special categories of personal data by PISPs and AISPs, the application of the main data protection principles set forth by the GDPR, including data minimisation, transparency, accountability and security measures. The PSD2 involves cross-functional responsibilities in the fields of, inter alia, consumer protection and competition law. Considerations regarding these fields of law are beyond the scope of these guidelines.
4 To facilitate the reading of the guidelines the main definitions used in this documentare provided below.