Guidelines 06/2020 on the interplay of the Second Payment Services Directive and the GDPR
Section 4.3 Further processing of personal data of the silent party
48 As stated under paragraph 29 (see section 3.1), personal data processed in connection with a payment service regulated by the PSD2, could be further processed based on legal obligations resting on the service provider. These legal obligations could concern personal data of the silent party.
49 With regard to further processing of silent party data on the basis of legitimate interest, the EDPB is of the opinion that these data cannot be used for a purpose other than that for which the personal data have been collected, other on the basis of EU or Member State law. Consent of the silent party is legally not feasible, because in order to obtain consent, personal data of the silent party would have to be collected or processed, for which no legal ground can be found under Article 6 GDPR. The compatibility test of Article 6.4 of the GDPR cannot offer a ground for the processing for other purposes (e.g. direct marketing activities) either. The rights and freedoms of these silent party data subjects will not be respected if the new data controller uses the personal data for other purposes, taking into account the context in which the personal data have been collected, especially the absence of any relationship with the data subjects that are silent parties; the absence of any connection between any other purpose and the purpose for which the personal data were initially collected (i.e. the fact that PSPs only need the silent party data in order to perform a contract with the other contracting party); the nature of the personal data involved, the circumstance that data subjects are not in a position to reasonably expect any further processing or to even be aware which controller may be processing their personal data and given the legal restrictions on processing set out in Article 66 (3) (g) and Article 67 (2) (f) of PSD2.