Guidelines 03/2019 on processing of personal data through video devices
Section 2.1 Personal Data
7. Systematic automated monitoring of a specific space by optical or audio-visual means, mostly for property protection purposes, or to protect individual ́s life and health, has become a significant phenomenon of our days. This activity brings about collection and retention of pictorial or audio-visual information on all persons entering the monitored space that are identifiable on basis of their looks or other specific elements. Identity of these persons may be established on grounds of these details. It also enables further processing of personal data as to the persons ́ presence and behaviour in the given space. The potential risk of misuse of these data grows in relation to the dimension of the monitored space as well as to the number of persons frequenting the space. This fact is reflected by the General Data Protection Regulation in the Article 35 (3) (c) which requires the carrying out of a data protection impact assessment in case of a systematic monitoring of a publicly accessible area on a large scale, as well as in Article 37 (1) (b) which requires processors to designate a data protection officer, if the processing operation by its nature entails regular and systematic monitoring of data subjects.
8. However, the Regulation does not apply to processing of data that has no reference to a person, e.g. if an individual cannot be identified, directly or indirectly.
Example: The GDPR is not applicable for fake cameras (i.e. any camera that is not functioning as a camera and thereby is not processing any personal data). However, in some Member States it might be subject to other legislation.
Example: Recordings from a high altitude only fall under the scope of the GDPR if under the circumstances the data processed can be related to a specific person.
Example: A video camera is integrated in a car for providing parking assistance. If the camera is constructed or adjusted in such a way that it does not collect any information relating to a natural person (such as licence plates or information which could identify passers-by) the GDPR does not apply.