Guidelines 03/2019 on processing of personal data through video devices
Subparagraph 18.104.22.168 Data subjects’ reasonable expectations
36. According to Recital 47, the existence of a legitimate interest needs careful assessment. Here the reasonable expectations of the data subject at the time and in the context of the processing of its personal data have to be included. Concerning systematic monitoring, the relationship between data subject and controller may vary significantly and may affect what reasonable expectations the data subject might have. The interpretation of the concept of reasonable expectations should not only be based on the subjective expectations in question. Rather, the decisive criterion has to be if an objective third party could reasonably expect and conclude to be subject to monitoring in this specific situation.
37. For instance, an employee in his/her workplace is in most cases not likely expecting to be monitored by his or her employer. Furthermore, monitoring is not to be expected in one’s private garden, in living areas, or in examination and treatment rooms. In the same vein, it is not reasonable to expect monitoring in sanitary or sauna facilities – monitoring such areas is an intense intrusion into the rights of the data subject. The reasonable expectations of data subjects are that no video surveillance will take place in those areas. On the other hand, the customer of a bank might expect that he/she is monitored inside the bankor by the ATM.
38. Data subjects can also expect to be free of monitoring within publicly accessible areas especially if those areas are typically used for recovery, regeneration, and leisure activities as well as in places where individuals stay and/or communicate, such as sitting areas, tables in restaurants, parks, cinemas and fitness facilities. Here the interests or rights and freedoms of the data subject will often override the controller’s legitimate interests.
39 Example: In toilets data subjects expect not to be monitored. Video surveillance for example to prevent accidents is not proportional.
40. Signs informing the data subject about the video surveillance have no relevance when determining what a data subject objectively can expect. This means that e.g. a shop owner cannot rely on customers objectively having reasonable expectations to be monitoredjust because a sign informs the individual at the entrance about the surveillance.