Guidelines 1/2020 on processing personal data in the context of connected vehicles and mobility related applications
Paragraph 3.3.1 Legal basis
145. When the data are collected through a public electronic communication service, the data controller will have to collect the consent of the data subject for the gaining of access to information that is already stored in the vehicle as provided by art. 5 (3) of the “ePrivacy” directive. Indeed, none of the exemptions provided by those provisions can apply in this context: the processing is not for the sole purpose of carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network nor does it relate to an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user.
146. Regarding the processing of personal data and taking into account the variety and amount of personal data needed for accidentology studies, prior consent of the data subject should be collected according to art. 6 GDPR. Such prior consent must be provided on a specific form, through which the data subject volunteers to take part to the study and have his or her personal data processed for that purpose. Consent shall be an expression of the free, specific, and informed will of the person whose data are being processed (e.g., ticking a box that is not pre-ticked, or configuring the onboard computer to activate a function in the vehicle). Such consent must be provided separately, for specific purposes, may not be bundled with the contract to buy or lease a new car and the consent must be as easily withdrawn as it is given. Withdrawal of consent shall lead to the processing being stopped. The data shall then be deleted from the active database, or anonymised.
147. Consent required by art. 5 (3) of the “ePrivacy” directive and consent needed as a legal basis for the processing of data can be collected at the same time (for example by checking a box clearly indicating what the data subject is consenting to).